Bougainvilleas are colorful, fast spreading vines. You find them in the landscape scrambling over fences and potted in Florida and the Mediterranean.
Bougainvilleas can ramble naturally or prune them to bush forms or trees. They are a lovely present for the homeowner. Fill out a bare fence or brighten a patio in tropical areas. More on Bougainvillea Plant Care here.
Where Did Bougainvillea Come From and Some History
Bougainvillea vines are native to the coast of Brazil. They are perhaps the most popular and one of the most widely grown of all tropical vines.
The Bougainvillea is a subtropical or tropical vine in the Nyctaginaceae or Four-O’Clock family.
In the 1768 the French naturalist, Philibert Commerson discovered the colorful vining plant. He named the plant after his friend and captain, Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, a noted lawyer, mathematician, and explorer from Canada.
Many refer and spell the plant name as – bouganvilla.
These hardy tropical perennial vines are sometimes called “Paper Flower” because they produce thin, papery, colorful bracts in shades of crimson, purple, orange, yellow, pink and white throughout the spring, summer and fall months when kept in a conducive climate.
The bracts shield small, tubular white flowers.
Quick Bougainvillea Care Tips
Light: Fun sun if possible
Temperature: 65° – 80° degrees Fahrenheit (18° to 27°C). Can tolerate 35°F (2°C) without damage.
Water: Allow the surface of the potting mix to dry out between waterings.
Humidity: Average (25% or more).
Fertilization: Apply liquid feed monthly, slow release fertilizer spring and summer.
Propagation: Tip cuttings of 4″ – 6″ inches or 8″ – 10″ inch stem cuttings.
Prune to stimulate new growth if the plant becomes leggy. Repot if the plant becomes too large for the pot. Use well-draining potting soil with 50% or more organic matter.
For more on Bougainvillea check out the articles below:
Hailing from South America, Bougainvillea (boo-gan-VIL-lee-uh) is a popular genus of somewhere between 4 and 18 (depending on whom you ask) species and over 300 cultivars. These wonderful evergreens from the Nyctaginaceae
Bougainvillea glabra (pronounced boo-gan-vil-lee-AY-nuh GLAY-bruh), also known as a paper flower or lesser Bougainvillea, is a plant with colorful leaves or bracts native to South America. While its flowers remain
Bougainvillea does best with regular watering using the soak-and-dry method. Water Bougainvillea plants thoroughly, allowing the water to run through the plants’ potting soil and out the drainage holes in
Bougainvillea, a member of the Nyctaginaceae family, bursts with vibrant colors during the warmer months, typically blooming from late February through early May in central Florida south. These gorgeous plants