How To Get Rid Of Bougainvillea Plants

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When left unattended, bougainvillea plants can quickly take over your garden or yard. To kill a bougainvillea plant, trim as many thorny vines as possible to reach the trunk.

Cut the trunk down to the stump. Use a chainsaw or a hatchet to cut the plant down to its stump if dealing with a large, thick plant trunk.

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Use the Foliar Method to kill bougainvillea plants. The Foliar Method requires the direct application of an herbicide to the trunk or leaves of the plants.

Use a paintbrush to apply a liquid herbicide all over the trunk. Check the stump every few weeks for new growth and reapply the herbicide as necessary. 

After a few months, pull or dig the plant trunk out of the ground to remove the root ball.

Characteristics of Bougainvillea Plants

Considered a vining shrub, the bougainvillea plant produces small white flowers surrounded by brilliantly colorful bracts called carpals and green foliage. 

When flowering, these carpals turn bright pink, purple, red, yellow, magenta, and white. Moreover, they hide the true flowers, which are small, trumpet-shaped blooms.

But while bougainvillea plants add color to any garden, they also have very sharp thorns that can easily cause injury. However, they will stay green in a mild climate.

Homeowners use bougainvillea plants to cover walls and provide a decorative cover for yard structures such as pergolas, trellis, arbor, and gazebos. 

They also make an excellent ground cover, vine, or hedge in any landscape.

Some homeowners even use bougainvillea plants as security fences because of the thorny vines.

They also thrive in full sun or 8 hours of indirect sunlight daily. When planting, the soil must have good drainage with compost to increase nutrients. 

Bougainvillea plants are drought tolerant and only need adequate watering, as too much water and moisture can cause root rot and attract pests.

They are also heavy feeders and respond well to constant feeding with a half-strength water-soluble fertilizer.

Is Bougainvillea Poisonous?

Some people experience blistering, itching, burning, swelling, and sores after coming in contact with the long thorns and the sap found on the vines of the bougainvillea plant.

Avoid planting a bougainvillea in high-traffic areas to prevent people from coming in close contact with the thorns and the sap.

How to Use the Foliar Method to Remove Bougainvillea Plants

To effectively eliminate a bougainvillea plant using the Foliar Method, you need to consider the following:

  • Time of year – wait until late summer or fall to apply a liquid herbicide. Water the bougainvillea beforehand to ensure the herbicide travels throughout the plant after absorption.

Since bougainvillea plants require very little water to survive, the plant may seem unaffected by the herbicide at first. You may need to apply the herbicide a few times to kill the plant.

  • Herbicide concentration – in most cases, an herbicide with a 1 to 2 percent concentration should kill a bougainvillea plant without much effort.

If you use an herbicide with too high a concentration, you will destroy the evergreen plant’s conducting tissue before the herbicide can reach the invasive roots. 

Failure to reach the roots could result in regrowth because the roots remain alive.

What to Do with a Thick Bougainvillea Trunk

Some bougainvillea plants have very thick trunks. If you can’t cut the plant trunk down to a stump, consider injecting the trunk with an herbicide instead. 

After removing the vines, use a hatchet to make several deep cuts into the trunk. Use a spray bottle to saturate the plant trunk with herbicide.

What to Do After Applying an Herbicide

After applying the herbicide, monitor the trunk for regrowth. Spray new Bougainvillea leaves with the herbicide to prevent further growth.

It would be best to wait a few months before removing the stump to ensure the herbicide worked its way down to the roots.

Dig the stump and Bougainvillea roots out of the ground once you’re sure the plant is no longer alive. Try to remove the entire root structure to ensure regrowth does not occur.

Bougainvillea Removal Methods to Avoid

The best method for removing a bougainvillea plant from your garden requires an herbicide that you spray, paint, or inject into the plant trunk.

Heavy-duty plastic or fabric root barriers can help stop root growth but will not aid in killing the bougainvillea. 

Over time, the roots will weave their way underneath or break through the barrier or nearby pipes. Use this method if you want to control the growth; rather than eliminate the plant.

Burning the vines will not prevent resprouting. Burning bougainvillea vines may encourage growth rather than prevent it. Also, a controlled burn can quickly become out of control if you’re not careful.

Also, avoid squeezing or touching the root system when transplanting your Bougainvillea, as it can be easily damaged.

Related Bougainvillea Topics

How to Tame Overgrowth

If you decide to keep your bougainvillea plant, frequent pruning can help keep the plant from growing too large.

You can also restrict their size by growing them in pots as bonsai.

Always wear long pants, a long-sleeved shirt, and gloves when pruning this tropical plant to prevent the thorns from poking your hands, arms, and legs. 

Protective coverings also help keep the sap from making contact with your skin.

Use a pair of sharp hand pruners or cutting shears to shape your bougainvillea plant to suit your garden. 

Carefully remove the cut vines and dispose of them in a safe place away from people.

Prune your bougainvillea stems after the Bougainvillea blooms in the early spring, late winter, or at the beginning of the rainy season. 

Pruning in the late summer or early fall may reduce flowering.

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