Beetles can be a real problem for most gardeners, but none are worse than the Japanese beetle.
Adult females typically lay eggs in clusters, about 2″ to 3″ inches down. Then they hatch and emerge, causing damage in June, July, and August.
This type of scarab beetle has a voracious appetite. It attacks more than 300 different plants and fruits.
Japanese beetle grubs can decimate lawns by feeding on the roots of grasses, leaving dead patches of grass.
Other signs of Japanese beetle damage include skeletonized leaves with undisturbed stalks and leaf veins.
While not a significant pest in Japan, these beetles were accidentally introduced to the US in 1916 and spread across the country.
Today, they’ve become harmful to agriculture. Several states west of the Mississippi maintain an active quarantine to prevent the further spread of these insects.
To deal with Japanese beetles, gardeners must fight them both above and below ground.
This battle requires extensive chemical combat for farms, but there’s a much easier and safer alternative for a small garden or yard.
Does Neem Oil Work For Killing Japanese Beetles?
Neem oil works best on small-scale infestations but can be an effective weapon against Japanese beetles and their grubs.
Aside from Japanese beetles, Neem oil is also an effective eliminator for aphids, spider mites, cucumber beetles, and other pests.
You’ll want to use all three forms of neem to wipe out this nasty insect.
Three Types Of Neem And What They Do
Neem oil is a natural pesticide derived from the seeds of the neem tree or Azadirachta indica.
The seeds are usually cold-pressed, as neem oil loses potency when exposed to heat. This results in crude (or raw) neem oil.
Crude neem oil contains high levels of Azadirachtin. This chemical resembles the growth hormones of many insect species.
When ingested, the Azadirachtin can cause a larva or nymph to stop feeding. It may stunt or prevent advancement to the next growth cycle.
Neem cakes are the byproduct of creating raw neem oil and are highly valued as fertilizers for their nutritional content.
The cakes also contain traces of Azadirachtin, giving them insecticidal and fungicidal properties.
Finally, the extraction of Azadirachtin results in a processed oil known as clarified hydrophobic neem oil. You can buy this pesticide commercially at .5% to 3% percent potency levels.
Clarified neem oil works best as a contact poison and can clog an insect’s airways, causing it to suffocate.
While each of these products works well on its own for some problems, you’ll need all three to put down a Japanese beetle infestation.
Neem Soil Soak
Made from 100% percent cold-pressed neem oil, the soil drench is a potent mixture weapon against many insects. It even works for some fungi and bacteria.
- Begin by emulsifying water so the oil will mix by blending 1 tablespoon of pure castile soap per gallon of water.
- You can also use this ratio: A teaspoon of dish soap and a quart of water.
- Once blended, add two tablespoons of your neem oil per gallon to create the neem drench.
- Pour 2 to 4 cups of the drench on the soil around small to medium-sized plants. Add more as needed for larger shrubs and trees.
You may use a sprayer to disperse the soil soak over an entire lawn. This task is best done at dusk or dawn to avoid harming pollinators and beneficial insects.
The roots will soak up the Azadirachtin-rich water, turning it into a systemic insecticide. It remains effective for up to 22 days.
Meanwhile, the drench will soak further into the soil, poisoning any beetle larvae without harming earthworms.
Once the adult Japanese beetles are gone, reapply as a monthly preventative.
Neem Foliar Spray
Foliar sprays are a topical solution using 4 teaspoons of clarified neem oil per gallon of water. Don’t forget to pour this foliar mixture into a spray bottle.
Only apply the foliar spray at dusk or dawn. Soak every part of the plant, especially the undersides of leaves and any cracks or crevasses.
The spray will dissipate after 45 minutes to an hour, leaving behind no residue. The plant will be safe for bees and other beneficial bugs.
Using the spray won’t stop any buried grubs, but it will kill any adult beetles unlucky enough to be hosed down.
Apply every other day for 14 days or until the beetles are gone; reapply as a preventative every 14 days.
As mentioned, neem cakes are an effective fertilizer, usually having a 6-1-2 NPK ratio and a host of micro and macronutrients.
Follow the instructions of the neem cake to make a water-based fertilizer and treat your plants or lawn. Make sure to avoid any plants that may harm the nutrient levels of the cake.
The fertilizer not only feeds your plants but adds Azadirachtin to the soil as well. The plants will absorb some of this.
Neem cake fertilizer has proven an effective weapon against grubs and several other underground pests. It has also proven to aid in fighting root rot and other soil-based fungal diseases.
Moreover, if you want another method to eradicate an infestation effectively, you can opt for Japanese beetle traps that attract them with a pheromone.
You can also use Milky spore, a disease now bought in a dry powder form that attacks and kills Japanese beetle larvae.
In addition, introduce beneficial nematodes or natural predators to control their population.
Hand-picking and throwing it in a bucket of soapy water is also the most effective way to eliminate these pests, although it’s time-consuming.