The lantana plant is a bright, full sun-loving plant. It produces flowers in abundance and rewarding you with lots of flower colors.
Mastering lantana care is not difficult. Lantana is a tropical plant made to order for any bright patio with lots of direct full sun. Lantana plants are tropical plants requiring lots of warmth.
Lantana Plants Verbena Relatives
The Lantana genus has over 150 species and belongs to the verbena family (Verbenaceae).
They grow much taller than the well-known annual verbena, but the small clusters of tubular blooms on this perennial flowering plant look similar, and they bloom as freely. The Lantana flower color comes in red, orange, yellow, white, pink, and lavender.
Lantana’s care requirements are somewhat different than those of verbena, and they live in different environmental settings. These plants hail from tropical areas in Africa and the Americas. However, they have been introduced to many warm climates worldwide, especially in the Pacific regions, Australia, and many parts of India.
How To Care For Lantana
Size & Growth: How Big Do Lantana Plants Get?
All cultivars of these perennial plants grow pretty quickly, and some Lantana varieties (e.g., Miss Huff) are very vigorous growers. Most can tolerate rather aggressive pruning to prevent them from becoming overwhelming.
Lantana leaves are rather coarse and slightly prickly. In addition, it is very rough to the touch. When crushed, the leaves of most types of Lantana have a strong, pungent scent. For this reason, avoid growing Lantana to line walkways.
Garden centers begin stocking plants in late spring. Planting outdoors depends on the weather since lantana plants grow best in frost-free climates.
The previously recorded video gives you some ideas of what a Lantana tree can look like!
Lantana Flower & Fragrance
Perennial Lantana thrives in very hot climates where they produce mass quantities of showy flowers all year round. The blooms of Lantana plants come in a wide variety of colors. The broad, disk-shaped flower clusters are extremely attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators.
If you grow Lantana in excessive shade, you are likely to impair flower production. Too much fertilizer will also hinder blooming. If you allow your plant to set berries, blooming will diminish. To encourage more blooming, cut your plants back, deadhead old blooms to stimulate new blooms.
Lantana Light & Temperature Requirements
Lantana plants thrive in full direct sunlight and can be grown as a perennial in any sunny setting that doesn’t get extremely cold. In areas that experience hard frost, grown Lantana as an annual plant.
In warmer climates where frost seldom if ever occurs, grow Lantana grows all year in the garden.
Lantana is typically winter hardy in USDA hardiness zones 9 through 11. However, in colder climates like USDA hardiness zone 8, the plant may die back to the ground in winter and grow from the roots in spring.
Even in settings where the temperature may drop to 20° degrees Fahrenheit, the plant can survive from year to year as long as the roots do not freeze.
How Much Water Do Lantanas Need and When Should Lantana Be Fertilized?
Immediately after planting Lantana, water thoroughly and keep the soil moist for a couple of weeks until the plant has become established and you see new growth. Once established, you will find Lantana to be durable and drought tolerant. Lantana grows, blooms, and will flourish even in very hot, dry settings.
Treat established plants as wildflowers. When the plant is blooming, water deeply once weekly. Sandy soil will require additional watering. Avoid overhead watering. Instead, deeply soak the ground around the plants.
Because these tropical plants are practically wildflowers, they require very little fertilizer. Therefore, in early spring, provide a light-balanced fertilizer.
If your plants are growing quite vigorously and producing lots of colorful flowers, you may wish to fertilize again in the middle of the summer. Be careful not to over-fertilize as this will reduce blooming and cause your plants to become more susceptible to disease. Heavy feeding can cause leaf yellowing and premature leaf drop.
Lantana Soil Conditions & Transplanting
Lantana can do quite well in areas with poor soil as long as they are planted in well-draining soil. These plants prefer slightly acidic soil in a dry setting and develop root rot in a moist soil condition.
Plant Lantana in the springtime, a couple of weeks after all danger of frost has passed. In areas where Lantana is grown as a perennial, it will not begin its spring growth until the air and soil temperatures are consistently warm.
It likes to grow in warm, well-drained soil. When growing Lantana in pots, use a high-quality potting soil that drains well.
When buying plants at your garden center look of bushy plants, with stiff stems and lots of buds.
Lantana Care Grooming & Maintenance
Throughout the plants’ growing season, regular light pruning controls growth and will encourage branching and blooming. Very energetic older plants may become excessively large and outgrow their space.
When this happens, don’t be afraid of a vigorous pruning. You can cut back the woody stems to about a third of the plants’ spread and height without causing any damage.
After pruning, provide deep watering and a little fertilizer to encourage blooming.
Prune vigorously in early spring to clear away old, dead growth and provide space for new growth. You can cut the plant down to about 6″ inches high without worry. In the autumn, do not prune harshly because this will reduce the plants’ ability to withstand the cold.
Other Lantana Plants
- Lantana Montevidensis (trailing Lantana)
- Lantana Trifolia (popcorn Lantana)
- Lantana Horrida
How To Propagate Lantana
Lantana is incredibly easy to grow from seeds or cuttings. If growing from seed, follow packaging directions for your area. If growing from cuttings, follow the handy advice presented here.
Propagating Lantana From Cuttings
Lantana Problems – Common Pests or Diseases
Lantana is a very low-maintenance plant and is not generally susceptible to pests and diseases as long as ideal conditions are maintained.
However, a handful of pests can impact the plant. Proper cultural practices limit most attacks. In addition, early detection and pests identification will speed up treatment and the recovery process.
Aphids – generally found around the growing tip, buds, and undersides of leaves where aphids suck sap from the plant and excrete a sticky substance called honeydew.
Plants heavily infested plants experience leaf drop, yellowing leaves, leaf curling, and wilting. Check out this post for getting rid of aphids naturally.
Whiteflies – Small, white insects located on leaf undersides. Both adults and young feed on the plant.
Spider Mites – severe infestation during hot, dry periods spider mites hide on the undersides of leaves.
Look for plants lacking vigor, leaves showing a yellow to gray cast, and leaf drop. Read more on How to kill spider mites.
Lantana Lace Bug – widespread pest, feeds on the undersides of leaves, populations multiply with high temperatures (90 degrees Fahrenheit).
On heavily infested plants, leaves turn yellow and fall off early. Prune out severely damaged areas, treat with a systemic insecticide like acephate or imidacloprid. Provide sufficient nutrients and water to ensure recovery.
Leaf Miner – Feeds on interior leaves, leaving a whitish trail. Plants can handle a fair amount of injury before plant health comes into question.
Prune and destroy infested branches and foliage. In some areas, parasitic wasps help control pests populations. Control with horticultural oil, insecticidal soap, and other insecticides.
Mealybugs – Mealybugs “hide” on the undersides of leaves and stems, with damage similar to aphids.
Treat small outbreaks with a 50-50 spray of water and isopropyl alcohol. For more extensive infestations, control with horticultural oil, insecticidal soap, and other insecticides.
Powdery Mildew – A common fungus plant disease, causing leaf yellowing and feeds on plant nutrients. Powdery mildew spreads rapidly. Most common on upper leaf surfaces.
Prune or thin plants to encourage good air circulation, water plants from below to keep foliage dry.
Lantana growing in the shade may be susceptible to problems with:
- White Fly Infestation
- Powdery Mildew
- Sooty Mold
You can expect root rot if you plant it in a poor draining potting mix or watered too often.
Is Lantana Considered Toxic or Poisonous to People, Kids, Pets?
For the complete details, check out this article: Is The Lantana Plant Poisonous Or Toxic? The Answer!
Some Lantana cultivars produce bluish-black, fleshy fruit. This can be toxic, especially if a great deal of it is eaten. If you are concerned about pets, kids, or birds consuming the fruit, you should choose a sterile cultivar such as:
- Patriot Deen Day Smith
- Patriot Marc Cathey
- Weeping Lavender
- Weeping White
- Lemon Swirl
- Miss Huff
- New Gold
Sterile varieties don’t produce seeds or berries and tend to bloom reliably throughout the growing season.
Is Lantana Invasive?
Lantana does well in harsh conditions and can flourish in very dry settings with very poor soil. They also can become an incredibly invasive species. Many types of Lantana species are considered invasive in:
Be careful not to allow your Lantana plants to get out of control. Prune it regularly and take care not to let the roots spread beyond your garden.
How to identify NATIVE Lantana vs. INVASIVE Lantana camara?
Suggested Lantana Plant Uses
Many Lantana varieties are used for a wide variety of purposes in the garden. For example, depending upon the type of Lantana you choose, you can use this hardy ornamental plant as a:
- Hanging baskets
- Garden ornamental
- Ground cover
- Potted Lantana Tree
- Use Lantana to attract butterflies and hummingbirds to a Butterfly garden
Some types of Lantana can grow to be 6′ feet high. They may form huge, bushy mounds. Still, other types ramble and spread as a low-growing groundcover. Still, others only grow as fairly small, easily controlled plants.
The common Lantana is a good choice for beach house shrub planting because it is rather salt tolerant.
Common Name: Weeping, Trailing Lantana