The Knockout family of roses comes in a variety of colors and are some of the most popular flowering plants on the planet.
Knockouts are highly popular for their repeat flowing and extended blooming season, making them an excellent choice for backyard decorations and aesthetic gardening.
The flowers are compact and grow rapidly into deciduous shrubs, which can be double or single petals.
Since knockout roses have exceptional disease resistance when compared to their traditional counterpart, they’re very well known for their easy care and hardiness.
In other words, these flowers are low-maintenance and hardy disease plants. But how cold hardy are knockout roses?
In this article, we’ll walk you through a complete guide about knockout roses’ ability to withstand the cold and a brief guide on how to care for them in the winter. So without further ado, let’s dive in!
Are Knockout Roses Cold Hardy?
Knockout roses are known to be disease resistant. Regarding cold resistance, Knock out roses are bred to be extremely cold hardy and can typically survive below freezing temperatures and cool climate zones.
Knock roses are recommended for USDA hardiness zones 5 and all the way to zone 9 or 10.
However, rest assured that Knockouts will survive extremely cold temperatures as low as 10° degrees Fahrenheit.
Despite the extremely cold hardiness, they might still require winter protection if you want the plant to stay in top condition. Also, they’re still prone to frost damage when temperatures fall below the maximum tolerable level.
How to Care for and Protect Knockout Roses in the Winter
As you now know, knockout roses resist weather changes nicely. They can survive through extremely cold as well as relatively long drought periods. In other words, they’re more of a “plant them and forget them” flower.
As a rule of thumb, your Knockouts do not need any special measures to care for the plant in winter.
However, if the winter temperatures in your area fall below the maximum tolerable level for knockout roses, you’ll need to give them some winter protection. Here’s what you need to do:
Cover Your Knockouts!
Although knockout roses can survive the cold weather, the strong and cold wind accompanies the winter that does the damage by either plucking them off the soil or drying them out to death.
Covering the entire plant is one of the best ways to protect knockout roses from the harsh winter.
Since they’re originally hardy and can withstand the weather, simple covering such as burlap, sheets, or any insulating material would be enough to protect them from the elements.
You can also use frost cloth or wrapping the containers with cardboard boxes or plastic tubs to keep your roses warm.
For in-ground knockout roses, add two or three inches of mulch, fir boughs, leaves, straw, or pine around the base of the bush to keep the root ball protected.
If you cover the plant during the winter, make sure that you remove any extra mulch that’s still covering the plant deeply. Also, inspect the roses for signs of damage and trim them.
Another precaution is to mound about 10 to 12 inches of soil at the base of the plant to protect the roots with extra insulation from freezing soil.
If you plant the roses in containers, you won’t need to cover them for the winter because they’re already protected from the weather.
Instead, you’ll only need to keep them outside through the start of the season to retain their winter hardiness.
After the first few threads of frost in the season, take the container inside and keep them in a suitable area, such as your garage. Remember to water them if they start to dry out.
Moreover, stopping fertilizing in late summer or early fall is important to prepare roses for their winter dormancy.
Don’t forget to check regularly for pests and diseases to ensure your roses are healthy.
Provide Knockouts With Plenty of Water
Make sure you deeply water the plants before the winter to help them stay hydrated. Doing so will will help keep the roses from dropping their leaves and flower buds.
However, you should avoid over-watering the plant and creating pools around it, as this can suffocate the plant and cause winter rot.
Protect Knock Outs from Breakage
Besides drying the plant up, cold wind can also break and damage the plant canes.
A good tip here is to tie them upright or make a 5 to 8 inches deep mound under the base of the roses.
Details on: Preparing Knockout Roses for Winter
What Are the Effects of Frost Damage on Knockout Roses?
Despite being cold, hardy, very harsh winters can cause frost damage on the knockout roses and even kill them, especially if they’re unprotected.
If temperatures fall below 10° degrees Fahrenheit and the plant is unprotected, signs of damage such as dead blooms, stem discoloration, breakage, and other obvious signs of damage will show.
In fact, you might not notice it, but the knockout rose bushes might continue suffering from the winter damage throughout spring and summer.
This will show in the noticeable decrease in foliage, stunted growth, fewer blooms, and more struggling signs.
How to Treat the Damage Caused by Extreme Cold on Knockout Roses
Of course, the best way to avoid the frost damage caused by extremely harsh winters is to prevent them from being damaged in the first place.
However, if the damage already occurred, you first need to remove and trim all the signs of damage that the plant has developed over the winter.
An important thing to note here is that the treatment should only be done after the winter, not during the cold.
Related: Tips on How to Trim Knockout Roses