Dracaena dermensis compacta [dras-SEE-nuh der-eh-MEN-siss kom-PAK-tuh] belongs to the Agavaceae (agave) family and originates in tropical Africa and Asia.
Compacta is a slow-growing sport of Dracaena dermensis ‘Janet Craig.’ I remember seeing the plant over 40 years ago. My boss brought 10 small plants back from Hawaii.
Most people call the plant by many common names:
- Dracaena compacta
- Compacta Janet Craig
- Pineapple Dracaena
- Janet Craig compacta
- Dwarf Dracaena
The botanical name is “Dracaena deremensis Janet Craig compacta.”
There are over 100 varieties of this evergreen, woody plant. ‘Compacta’ gets its name from the fact that it is smaller and very different from most other plants in the Dracaena family.
Due to its stylish appearance and ability to grow in dark rooms, the dwarf dracaena is a favorite among houseplants.
- Dwarf Dracaena Care
- How To Propagate Dracaena Compacta Janet Craig?
- Dwarf Dracaena Pest or Disease Problems
- Dracaena Compacta Questions and Answers
- Suggested Dwarf Dracaena Uses
Dwarf Dracaena Care
How Big Does Dwarf Dracaena Grow?
Dracaenas are generally slow-growing plants and, as a result, are slow to change. Dracaena compacta have a growth rate of about 10cm or 4″ inches in a year.
It can reach a height of up to 3′ to 6′ feet when planted indoors, with leaves spreading up to 2″ to 5″ inches in length.
Flowering and Fragrance
The Dracaena compacta plant is grown as a foliage plant characterized by thick, stiff, glossy dark green leaves, which spread out to form rosettes around the canes.
Though it is rare, sometimes ear-like white or pink flowers grow from the middle of the rosette and give out an intense honey scent.
Light and Temperature
This plant thrives best in low-light conditions. However, if grown indoors, it can also tolerate high indoor light or medium to bright indirect light.
Moreover, avoid the direct sun because it can burn the plant leaves. Remember that too much direct sunlight can cause yellow leaves.
The only difference is that it will require frequent watering up to once a week. With more light, plants will use water at a higher rate.
The ideal room temperatures range for the dwarf dracaena lies between 65° and 80° degrees Fahrenheit, but it can tolerate colder temperatures up to 40° degrees Fahrenheit.
Watering Needs and Feeding
The dwarf dracaena generally does best when grown on the “soil dry” end of the watering spectrum. The plant’s slow growth makes it difficult to determine symptoms of over or under-watering.
Sometimes, symptoms such as brown tips or brown spots on the leaves can show up a few weeks after the initial damage has occurred.
This is why it’s best to keep weekly track of water application or consider using a self-watering planter.
Changing environmental factors, such as light and temperature, also affect the watering schedule of how frequently and how much you should water your plant.
When the soil for Dracaena has a low moisture level and is almost dried out is a good sign that your plant needs watering.
Dracaena plants are famous for displaying brown leaf tips from being sensitive to boron and fluoride. Indoor professionals who maintain plants indoors recommend avoiding tap water and using distilled water for watering Dracaenas.
Related: Details on Watering Dracaena Plants
Due to its slow growth rate, Dracaena Janet Craig compacta does not need a lot of feeding.
However, if the plant has not been repotted for a few years, you can feed it some liquid fertilizer in summer and spring every one to two months.
You can also apply indoor plant food to provide essential nutrients.
Soil and Transplanting
When potting or transplanting, use well-drained soil to avoid soil becoming heavily soaked when watering.
Transplant when the plant grows too large for the pot. Make sure the pot has drainage holes.
Use a well-aerated potting mixture made up of at least 50% percent or more organic matter. Another option is planting in lava rock.
Like an African violet soil mix, bagged potting soil for house plants works well.
Check up every spring to ensure that the plant’s roots aren’t filling the pot. If they are, repot your plant to a larger pot.
Don’t forget to use new soil in a terra-cotta pot when repotting.
Grooming and Maintenance
Dracaena compacta is an easy plant to grow but slow-growing and require some attention to stay in the best condition.
Remember – slow-growing plants take time to replace damaged leaves.
Keep an eye on the level of air humidity and air circulation, as it can affect the appearance and growth of the plant.
The ideal humidity level is at 25% percent. If the humidity is low, compacta can dry out. If it’s too high, you may end up overwatering the plant without realizing it.
To keep the leaves in their best shape, wipe them with a damp cloth once a month to remove dirt and dust.
How To Propagate Dracaena Compacta Janet Craig?
Dwarf dracaena propagation works in two ways.
The first is by using tip cuttings.
- Take a 4″- 6″ tip cutting.
- Strip some of the bottom leaves to expose the stem
- Dip the bottom of the stem in a rooting hormone
- Stick the cutting in a small 3″ inch pot
- Place the unrooted plant in a shaded location
- Roots should begin to appear in 4-6 weeks
- Grow the plant in the 3″ pot until well rooted and the root system develops.
- Move the plant to a larger 4″ pot and into more light
- Enjoy your new modern plant
The other option is to use stem cuttings roughly 3″ inches long. Ensure that the cut is just below a leaf node with at least 2 to 3 leaves.
After that, allow them to root in humid temperatures by laying them on the soil. You can also dip the stem cutting in a rooting hormone powder to encourage root growth.
Moreover, don’t forget to add sphagnum moss with perlite to lock soil moisture.
Dwarf Dracaena Pest or Disease Problems
This plant is most commonly susceptible to insects like mealybug. These pests look like small pieces of cotton stuck on the plant. These bugs nestle down in the foliage crown.
However, if the problem persists, it is a good idea to cut out new growth crowns to remove the bugs nestled inside.
Also, keep a lookout for other insect pests like thrips, spider mites, scales, and whiteflies.
Avoid overwatering that can lead to a fungal disease like root rot. Make sure the planter has a drainage hole.
Other common diseases that attack this plant include leaf-spot disease, southern blight, and powdery mildew.
Dracaena Compacta Questions and Answers
How Tall does Dracaena Compacta grow?
Dracaena Compacta, grows to a height of about 2′-3′ feet tall indoors. Under optimal conditions, reaching up to 6′ feet. The compact habit and slow growth rate make it an ideal choice for small spaces and indoor environments.
How often do you repot Dracaena Compacta?
Repotting frequency depends on the growth rate of the plant. Generally, repot every 2 to 3 years or when the plant becomes rootbound. Signs indicating the need to repot include:
- Roots growing out of the drainage holes
- Stunted growth
- Plant becomes top-heavy
When repotting, choose a pot that is one size larger and use a well-draining soil.
How often do you water Dracaena Compacta?
Water Compacta moderately, allowing the top inch of soil to dry between waterings; reduce watering in winter. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other issues. Do not keep the soil excessively moist.
Is Dracaena Compacta good for a Bedroom?
Compacta Janet Craig is an excellent choice for a bedroom. It helps improve indoor air quality by removing toxins such as formaldehyde, benzene, and trichloroethylene from the air. It is a low-maintenance plant and can thrive in lower light conditions, making it suitable for bedrooms with less natural light.
Can Dracaena Compacta get too much sun?
Avoid direct sunlight. Indirect, bright light is preferred. Direct sunlight can cause the leaves to develop brown spots or burns. Place in a location with filtered or partial sunlight near the north or east-facing window.
How do I know if my Dracaena Compacta is overwatered?
Yellowing leaves are one of the first signs of overwatering, followed by leaves turning brown. Another symptom is brown tips and edges on the leaves.
To fix the issue, allow the soil to dry out. There is no need to repot the plant in this condition.
Suggested Dwarf Dracaena Uses
Use Dracaena compact as an accent plant potted alone in an attractive decorative container. Group several together in a large pot for a leafy display.
Their compact habit makes them excellent, modern, contemporary additions to a credenza, in a kitchen, or a new companion in the office.
Compacta makes a great companion indoor plant along with the Peace Lily, Chinese evergreen, cast iron plant, and others.
Learn about other types of dracaena plants here.