Growing Powder Puff Trees: How To Care For Calliandra Plants

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Powder Puff Tree the common name for Calliandra Haematocephala [kal-ee-AN-druh, hee-mat-oh-SEF-uh-luh] the most widely cultivated of the 150 calliandra species.

Red Powder Puff flower - Calliandra haematocephalaPin
Powderpuff plant bloom

It belongs to the Fabaceae family, which people typically call the pea or bean family. Other Fabaceae members include:

It’s native to Bolivia, but this evergreen flowering shrub (small tree) is grown throughout the world for its bright winter blooms.

Calliandra Powder Puff Tree Quick Care Tips

  • Botanical Name: Calliandra spp.
  • Common Name(s): Powderpuff plant, Fairy duster
  • Synonyms: Calliandra haematocephala, Calliandra surinamensis
  • Family & Origin: Fabaceae family, native to Bolivia
  • Growability: Easy to grow
  • Grow Zone: USDA zones 9-11
  • Size: Grows up to 15′ feet tall
  • Flowering: Blooms year-round with pink or red powderpuff-like flowers
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Humidity: Prefers moderate to high humidity
  • Temperature: Tolerates a range of temperatures, but prefers warm temperatures between 60-80°F
  • Soil: Well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0-7.5
  • Water: Water regularly, keeping soil moist but not waterlogged
  • Fertilizer: Fertilize every 2-3 months with a balanced fertilizer
  • Pests & Diseases: Susceptible to spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. Can also be affected by root rot if overwatered.
  • Propagation: Propagated through stem cuttings or by seed
  • Plant Uses: Ornamental plants for landscaping or indoor decoration. It can also be used for medicinal purposes in some cultures.

One look at the flowers and you’ll know why it is commonly called the powder puff plant.

Calliandra Powder Puff Tree Care

Calliandra haematocephala (image above) also known as Calliandra inaequilatera is cherished for its bloom clusters of shocking red flower buds colors appearing in the winter.

Calliandra surinamensis is the Calliandra pink powder puff plant species. A white flower ‘alba’ cultivar is also available.

Calliandra surinamensis Pink powder puff tree flowerPin
Flower of Calliandra surinamensis – pink powder puff tree.

Calliandra surinamensis ‘alba’ also known as Freund’s White.

White bloom of Calliandra surinamensis 'alba'Pin

Calliandra tweediei is a bright red powder puff tree which blooms in the spring to fall months.

Size and Growth Rate

The dwarf powderpuff grows quickly, reaching six feet tall with a three-foot spread. The small tree has dark green mimosa tree like compound leaves, with five to 10 pairs of leaves per stem.

In its native region, it can reach 15’ feet tall.

In cultivation, most people trim this tropical plant back to manage the height, especially when grown in pots.

Flowering and Fragrance

The powder puff flowers are the main attraction and the reason for the name.

The red or pink powder puff trees bloom in the winter with showy flowers containing many stamens. Each pink flower looks like a fuzzy puffball.

Pink flowering Calliandra surinamensis small treePin

The most popular varieties produce pinkish-red flowers, but there are also white varieties.

While the flowers are attractive and unique, they don’t produce a noticeable fragrance.

NOTE: In warmer locations, red, pink, and white flowers are off and on all year round.

Light and Temperature

For outdoor planting, USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11 are recommended. It’s not tolerant to frost and may start to sag if left in cool temperatures.

It’s commonly grown outdoors in South Florida and other warm, humid regions. Outside of these areas, the plant may freeze during the winter.

The pink powderpuff needs full sun or very light partial shade, whether grown indoors or outdoors. Place indoor house plants near a window, even during the winter.

Watering and Fertilizer

In the spring, start watering the plant regularly. As the temperatures grow colder in the fall, start limiting the frequency of watering.

Once established, powder puff plants will be drought tolerant.

Apply liquid fertilizer during the growing season or a balanced granular fertilizer as the weather begins to warm in spring. Fertilizer is not necessary during the winter.

Soil and Transplanting

Use regular well-drained soil, and peat moss, leaf mold, or compost to improve drainage and the quality of the soil.

Vibrant red powder puff flower against green background.Pin
Photo Credit: Instagram @tuantran_66

Repot plants each year in the spring. Use the same soil recommendation.

Only move powder puffs to larger pots if the plant outgrows its current container.

Grooming and Maintenance

Pruning is often needed to manage plant growth.

It can reach six feet in height, but most people keep it pruned to several feet, especially when grown outdoors as a hedge.

Pinch or prune the branches as needed in the spring.

It’s best to groom when repotting the plant. The pruning can also be used for propagation.

Red Powder Puff Plant Propagation

Use the cuttings from pruning to grow new Calliandra haematocephala australia or Calliandra surinamensis.

Propagating is relatively easy, as the cuttings root quickly.

Red flowers and green leaves against a blue sky.Pin
Photo Credit: Instagram @yumna_yum
  • Spring or early summer are the best times to trim the plant and take cuttings.
  • The cuttings should be at least 6″ inches long and healthy.
  • Cut away the leaves from the lower section of the stem.
  • Trim some of the upper foliage back as well. Too much foliage takes moisture away from the cutting.
  • Dip the end of each cutting in a rooting hormone.
  • Place the cuttings in a tray or small pot.
  • Cover the tray with a plastic bag. Remember to poke holes in the bag for ventilation.
  • Keep the tray in a warm spot, such as the kitchen, where it may also get a little more humidity.
  • Keep an eye on the cuttings for signs of fungal growth.
  • Use a fungicide to treat the problem before it spreads.
  • After the cuttings take root, removed the bag.
  • Wait for the plants to become sturdy before transplanting to their own containers.

Calliandra Powder Puff Pests or Diseases

The Calliandra plant is prone to aphid and mealybug infestations. This is more common when there is new growth.

Check the plant frequently for these insect pests. It is easier to get rid of a few pests instead of dealing with a full infestation.

Use sprays of water to get rid of a handful of aphids or mealybugs. Severe threats often require an insecticide such as neem.

Uses For Powder Puff Tree Calliandra

The red or pink powderpuff tree calliandra haematocephala is commonly grown as:

Vibrant pink puffball flower close-up.Pin
Photo Credit: Instagram @growing_happiness5

In warm regions, consider growing powderpuffs outdoors in full sun to add more color to the deck or patio area during the winter months.

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