Peperomia Graveolens (pep-er-ROH-mee-uh Grav-ee-OH-lens) is an ornamental, succulent, and perennial houseplant and one of the many peperomia plant species from the family Piperaceae.
This plant is native to southern Ecuador and well-known in two subpopulations – firstly in the Oña river and secondly in the Loja province.
It was first collected in 1973 by German botanists at an altitude range of 2000 to 2500 meters.
Peperomia graveolens grows in the reasonably elevated dry regions of Cordillera on the cliffs where it adapted to the climate.
Aside from habitat damage, there hasn’t been any known threat to this plant.
The Graveolens peperomia has several common names:
- Ruby Glow Peperomia
- Ruby Peperomia
Peperomia Graveolens Care
Size & Growth
The plant is a mini shrub growing about 10” inches in height. Growing indoors plants may grow taller as they stretch for light.
It sprouts gleaming red stems in wine red color and has succulent leaves, which are also wine red shade except for the upper part of the plant where it has a transparent v-shaped ‘window’ that allows the process of photosynthesis.
Flowering and Fragrance
The flower racemes are simple and resemble a rat’s tail.
It seems like powdery lime green in color to the naked eye, and usually grows up to 3 inches in height.
The flowers grow on the long stems of the plant and are rather tiny. They have no real scent and are in the shade of yellowish white.
However, “graveolens” means bad smelling. Get your nose close enough and you may get a whiff of a faint unpleasant odor.
Light & Temperature
Graveolens peperomia grows easily under bright light, but does best when placed away from direct sunlight.
The best location for the ruby glow peperomia plant is indoors near a window facing east or north.
It also thrives when growing under fluorescent plant grow lights.
The ideal temperature is between 65° – 75° degrees Fahrenheit (18 °C and 24° C).
It does not like cold and it is best to avoid the temperature below 60° degrees Fahrenheit.
Watering and Feeding
Water the plant moderately but be consistent with watering when the plant is growing.
Water so the soil gets moist but is not soggy. When watering, make sure that the first inch of soil dries out before watering more.
Decrease the watering in the winter months.
The major issue with growing most peperomia plants is water related.
As mentioned above, this plant prefers the soil to be steadily moist.
When overwatered the plant, tends to wilt or get scab-like raised protrusions throughout their leaves.
It is typically not alarming if your plant starts losing its bottom leaves.
However, if there is a major leaf-drop, it is recommended you adjust the temperature or check the fertilizer.
Soil & Transplanting
Graveolens prefers moist, humus-rich peat-based or well-drained soil.
The ideal mix for this plant is one part perlite or sand and two parts peat.
Other mixes also work well for this plant, but the major thing is that the potting soil well aerated and drain well too.
It is ideal to use half-strength balanced fertilizer twice in the growing season.
Ruby peperomia like to be a little pot bound.
Grooming and Maintenance
Graveolens plants might need pruning a few times a year if it gets out of hand or scraggly.
The foliage, growth, and leaves comes in various forms, which are:
- Reddish stems and foliage
- And/or single color
When cutting tips, keep the following in mind:
- Start with the leaves that are the lowest pairs
- Cut the tip with some leaves
This plant doesn’t require extra maintenance aside from the usual house plant care.
How To Propagate Ruby Graveolens
The easiest way to propagate peperomias is by rooting the stem tip cuttings when grooming the plant.
Ensure that you cut 3″ – 4″ tip cutting, leaving two to three leaves.
Dip the bottom in a rooting powder and place the cutting in a small pot with 50% peat moss and 50% perlite as a starting soil.
Ensure that the soil is moist and place the potted cuttings in it an area with indirect partial light.
Small plants can also be propagated by leaf cuttings.
It is best to experiment a little and try out a few stem cuttings and leaves to determine which method of propagation works for you.
Give the stem or leaves cutting a day or two to properly dry before planting.
Avoid overwatering and once it starts growing, move it to a bigger pot so they have more room to grow.
Ruby Glow Graveolens Pest or Disease Problems
This plant doesn’t suffer from many diseases or pest issues other than overwatering.
However, it is best to be on the lookout for whitefly, spider mites and mealybugs. Look for white cottony masses on the leaves or stem.
You might see a few leaf spots. Moreover,
Peperomia ruby starts rotting if you keep the soil too moist. Cold temperatures and wetness should be avoided.
Suggested Uses For Graveolens Peperomias
Graveolens peperomias make a nice indoor plant. It can be used in terrariums and dish gardens.
Mature plants, when grown indoors, don’t grow higher than 12″ to 18″ inches which makes them ideal to be placed on tables.
These look excellent when used as hanging plants.
You can also use this as a potted plant on work areas and rooms to beautify your surroundings.