How To Care For The ZZ Plant – Zamioculcas Zamiifolia

zz plant care

The ZZ Plant – Zamioculcas zamiifolia one very popular foliage plant used in homes and offices around the world.

Interior plantscapers always look for “new” plants they can use indoors to provide different looks. Growers always look at new items to offer customers something different.

Zamioculcas zamiifolia Perfect Houseplant Qualifications

Known by several names – the ZeeZee plant and “eternity plant” the zamioculcas fits just about every qualification needed for a new indoor plant introduction:

  • The ZeeZee plant handles low light
  • Low water requirements
  • Tough under indoor conditions
  • Handles neglect well

ZZ Plants Not New

When many people see the ZeeZee plant for the first time, they assume it looks and resembles the cycad – Zamia furfuracea or cardboard palm. However, the ZZ belongs to the aroid family, along with the philodendron, spathiphyllum and aglaonema and been around for decades. I grew Zamioculcas zamifolia 35 years ago but wasn’t smart enough to introduce it :).

The base of the swollen plant stalks host dark green, naturally shiny leaves. Making it easy to assume someone applied leaf shine to the plant.

One area of caution. Beware of any of the “juices” coming in contact with the skin which may cause irritation to sensitive skin due to the calcium oxalate crystals in the ZZ.

Here’s A Video Discussing The Care Of The ZZ Plant

One Characteristic Of The Best Indoor Plants

Most of the BEST indoor house plants grow slow and the ZZ is no exception. It propagates easily but develops slowly. Just like african violets and jade plants, ZZ’s will grow from leaf cuttings.

Grown in sizes from 4 inch pots through 17 inch pots, large plants can reach up to 3 feet in height. Very old plants I’ve personally seen hit 4 feet. On average most plants grown and used indoors reach 16 – 28 inches, with an equal spread. They make an accent plant in areas where allowed to “spread its wings”.

As for being a tough, durable indoor plant, Zamioculcas handles low light well and abuse exceptionally well, it even grows. In the tough plant category it’s an equal with Sanseveira and Aspidistra.

ZZ Plant – Zamioculcas Zamiifolia

How About The ZZ’s Soil Requirements and Fertilizer Needs?

ZZ’s do not need any special type of potting soil or potting mix. Any well draining soil will recommended for house plants will work.

As for the fertilizer requirements. A complete, balanced liquid houseplant fertilizer (20-20-20) applied once per month when watering will provide the nutrients the ZZ needs.

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ZZ Handles Low Light Levels Well

Even though the plant does well in lower light levels, by placing it in brighter light it performs even better.

Keep the plant away from any hot direct afternoon sun as the plant can burn. Good bright filtered afternoon sun would work well.

Zamioculcas Zamiifolia Don’t Sit In Water

Don’t let the plant to sit in water or stay wet. The plant does better when kept on the dry side. If you water the ZZ too much or the plant sits in water you may find yellowing leaves.

A little more about watering from my side. I purposely neglect plants to test their toughness. I don’t anything to the ZZ in my office (for the past 16 months). Let me tell you – It looks pretty good considering… ready for this – drum roll please – watered only 6 times in 16 months.

Of all the ZZ’s great attributes, its toughness, ability to handle low light or the low watering requirements, its best attribute bar none… no insect problems. Or none anyone can identify.

Eliminating this one element makes caring for your plant much easier. The plant leaves you  with only a couple of things to manage – light and water, making care easier.

The downside, we can always find a downside. The downside to ZZ – slow growing so  slow production. Ask at your favorite nursery or garden center about the ZZ – the Zamioculcas Zamiifolia. You will not regret it. Share your ZZ plant experiences!

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