Do you know the Yesterday Today and Tomorrow plant? You may know it as the Brunfelsia plant – Brunfelsia grandiflora or Brunfelsia pauciflora.
The plant is also known by a few other names – Kiss Me Quick, Morning-Noon-and-Night and the Brazil Raintree.
Originating from Brazil, Brunfelsia grows in light woodland and thickets. It can reach up to 10′ feet tall and can spread up to 12′ feet wide. When grown in the landscape Yesterday Today and Tomorrow is grown more as a small shrub or bush.
It’s grown mainly to its fragrant, sweet-smelling flowers. In fact, the species Brunfelsia pauciflora – the species name, “bonodora,” in Latin, means ‘sweet-smelling’. Plant Brunfelsia close to your home, deck, or patio to enjoy the flowers and fragrance!
The name Brunfelsia comes from a German monk, Otto Brunfels and it is often misspelled as Brunsfelsia.
The common name Yesterday Today and Tomorrow comes from the flowers which change from one day to the next. The flower begins with blooms of violet colors, then change to pale lavender and then white.
The flowers appear on the end of long stems which open singly. Under favorable conditions a plant can bloom all year round.
Growing Yesterday Today and Tomorrow Plants In The Garden
Once you experience the Brunfelsia flowering it will become a favorite in your garden as it brings a romantic touch to the space.
Yesterday today and tomorrow plant grows well in warm subtropical gardens. But can also flourish in colder climates, able to endure light frost. During colder months it will become deciduous.
If you’re unable to grow outside in the landscape in foundation plantings, you can achieve success by growing the plant, in a pot. This makes it easy to move plants indoors when temperatures drop.
In gardens, the plants are easy to grow and do not require pruning. Prune brunfelsia to control the growth and spreading. Apply a light trim after flowering to keep the plant tidy and bushy.
What Kind Of Lighting Is Required?
Brunfelsia plants do well in full sun but need some partial shade for protection during the extreme heat of the day. They also do well in filtered partial shade.
What Are The Soil Requirements?
Yesterday, today, and tomorrow needs moist, rich, and well-drained soil. Plants respond well to having their roots weaving their way through compost. It prefers an acid pH which is just below neutral 7. Mulch with moss, pine needles, or acidic compost on its base.
Watering and Irrigation Needs
When watering the Yesterday Today and Tomorrow plant keep the soil moist. Try to avoid drying the soil.
If growing in pots, during the summer months, check the pots daily to ensure they are holding enough moisture to avoid the plant drying out.
How To Propagate The Yesterday Today and Tomorrow Plant
Propagation of the Brunfelsia flower is usually done during spring. That is when new spring tip cuttings are available.
Take cutting up to 5″ inches long and dip them in a rooting hormone powder. Place cuttings in pots containing a soil mix of equal amounts of peat moss and perlite – sand can also be included if you like.
If possible put the potted cuttings in a propagating case (soda bottles work great) and place them in bright filtered light – NOT direct light.
When new growth and roots form, after about two weeks; you can start moderate watering with an application of liquid acid fertilizer every two weeks.
Growing Yesterday Today and Tomorrow Plants As A Potted Houseplant
The plant – Brunfelsia pauciflora can be grown indoors. Prune old plants back to half their size before you plant and move indoors. Pinch the light green growing tips to encourage more bushy growth.
The care involves providing good lighting, a regular watering program. Without a sunroom, I personally, think it would be a difficult plant to enjoy indoors.
What Are The Lighting Needs Indoors? – For satisfactory growing and flowering of brunfelsia, plants need three to four hours of direct sunlight. The light should be supplied throughout the year for the plant to do well.
The Temperature Needs Indoors – Normal room temperature is suitable for the Yesterday Today and Tomorrow plant during normal growth. For increased humidity place trays or saucers with moist pebbles under pots. During cold months the plants will slow down their growth rate.
Required Watering Indoors – Water moderately during active growth periods, just enough to make the mixture thoroughly moist. Sub-irrigation works well for this.
Allow the top half-inch should dry between watering. If plants are resting, water them less to avoid them from drying up.
Feeding Potted Brunflesia – Apply a liquid acid fertilizer at 1/2 strength to plants every two weeks.
Potting and Repotting Your Brunfelsia – When potting or repotting plants, use a soil-based potting mixture.
Soil-based potting mixtures will contain things like peat, sand, vermiculite, or perlite.
Brunfelsia plants seem to flower best when their root system is confined in small pots – 6″ inch roughly.
When repotting refresh the potting mixture each spring. Avoid increasing the pot size as you repot.
Common Problems of Brunfelsia Plant
Pale or Yellow Leaves – When soil is not acidic enough, brunfelsia can develop pale yellow leaves. Repot the plant in a more acidic soil mix. You can also use iron sulphate mixed in water to water the plant.
Plant Has Weak Growth – The plant may exhibit weak growth due to the presence of aphids sucking the sap. Wash them off using a gentle stream of water. If you see a fine webbing under leaves look for a red spider mite that thrives in dry conditions.
Mealy Bugs and Whitefly – To get rid of these pests try using natural neem oil spray.
Brunfelsia will soon become a favorite plant in your garden once it has been experienced. It truly is a plant you can enjoy Yesterday Today and Tomorrow!