Summary: EPISCIA – A genus of trailing greenhouse plants from Tropical America. Small, showy, often hairy leaves with small white, red, or purple flowers. A favorite for hanging-baskets. Propagation by division and cuttings. Related to the African violet plant family – Gesneriaceae.
The Episcia plant belongs to the African Violet plant family – Gesneriaceae. It is easy to grow. The attractive foliage and colorful trumpet-shaped flowers add brightness to any room.
The name Episcia pronounced e-piss’-i-ah, comes from the Greek word episkios. It’s meaning, “shady”, provides a hint to their cultural needs.
Episcias, sometimes called the flame violet, trailing violet or chocolate soldier plant have a magnificent range of foliage and flower color.
Flame violets have leaves of shiny green, bronze and silver and tubular flowers of white, yellow, lavender, pink or red.
Added to these attractions is their charming manner of growth. Each plant sends out strawberry-like runners (stolons) which trail over the edge of the container.
There are about ten Episcia species and many more varieties.
Bronze-leaved, red-flowered Episcia cupreata is apt to be a shy bloomer. However, many episcia varieties produce an abundance of flowers with glistening green leaves and orange-red flowers. Established plants display flowers throughout the entire year.
Then there are “Acajou” with a pattern of silver green on a dark brown background. Silver Sheen displays red flowers above its frosty gray and brown leaves. Another cupreata variety called “Tropical Topaz” with green leaves and buttercup yellow flowers.
Episcia “Chocolate Soldier” is a favorite of many houseplant growers. Chocolate Soldier has been an impressive plant for decades. It is one of the better foliage Episcias with fairly easy culture.
- It originates from crossing Episcia cupreata with Episcia cupreata variegata.
- R.G. Wilson of Miami introduced it in 1953.
- Keep temperatures of 60° or above and constant moisture.
- It has the usual velvety leaves, with a dark chocolate color and narrow, silvery midribs.
- The Gesneriad Register listed it correctly as Episcia cupreata Chocolate Soldier.
Let’s look at some useful info for Episcia plant care and culture.
Planting The Flame Plant
Grow espiscias in a spongy, well-drained soil, like those for African violets.
If you make your soil use two parts peat moss, 1/2 part perlite or vermiculite and 1/2 part sand.
One-half inch of pot chard and an equal amount of charcoal can be used for drainage for each four-inch pot.
Keep the bulk of the runners pinched off to ensure a good floral crop.
Many favor episcia containers which are long ceramic planters, soup tureens or aluminum cake tins with drainage holes punched in them.
As the runners appear, they fasten themselves to the soil. When the container is full, let a few runners dangle over the edges.
Since this container is filled with plants of varied ages, it shows bloom every month of the year. They make wonderful hanging baskets!
Episcias or flame violets go into semi-dormancy in the fall of the year, and they usually begin to pick up in December, and by February they are in luxurious growth.
Lighting and Temperature Requirements
Episcias thrive in an east, southeast or partially shaded south window. If you want them for foliage effect only, you can grow them to perfection in a north window or under bright lights. Window gardeners in areas with many bright winter days can grow episcias the year round in north windows.
One of my friends in Oklahoma grows magnificent specimens in unshaded east and west windows of her home.
- More on How To Care For African Violets
- Details on Propagating African violets From Leaves
- 10 Tips For Growing Columnea Baskets Successfully
Growing Episcias Under Artificial Lighting
If you are growing flowering plants indoors under grow light bulbs, fluorescent lighting or indirect lighting, Episcias are just the thing to add to the garden.
Under this non-changing light intensity, these low-light plants grow gorgeous foliage and bloom profusely.
Space them so the pot rim is about 14 inches from the light tube and leave the lights on 12 to 14 hours each day.
The average household temperatures, 72° to 75° degrees Fahrenheit during the day with the usual five to 10° degree drop at night, seems to suit them.
All episcias need more watering than African violets and grow best under high humidity conditions. Episcia grows well with bottom watering.
If the air circulation in your home is too dry (under 40 percent humidity) episcias and all of your houseplants will benefit when set on a pebble tray of water kept just below the pot line.
Episcias are beautiful no matter whether they are in bloom or not.
To keep the foliage in top showoff condition, give them water as often as needed to keep them free of dust. Use room-temperature water and keep them out of direct sunlight until the leaves are dry.
Fertilizing Episcia Plants
Give houseplant food to Episcias twice a month with any good water-soluble liquid fertilizer, remembering, of course, to fertilize only on well moistened soil. This safeguards tiny roots from fertilizer burn. Keep episcias pest free by giving them a thorough inspection for pests.
How To Propagate Episcia
If older episcia plants have shed leaves and look straggly, trim runners off the mother plant and repot the old plant. You can start new plants From the pieces.
Propagate episcias from leaves, runners or seed. Root leaves and runners in water, vermiculite, sphagnum moss or sand. Speed up root formation by covering them with a small glass or clear plastic cup to increase humidity.
You can get infinite foliage and flower variety by growing episcias from seed.
Sprinkle the seed on moistened sphagnum moss or vermiculite. They germinate in ten days to three weeks and as soon as the little plants have four good leaves prick them out and plant them in a pot or flat.
Given good growing conditions, the potted plants will flower from seed in eight to 12 months.
Episcias can also be propagated from leaf cuttings taken in the same manner as when starting gloxinias and African violets. Episcias are, however, rather slow from leaves, and stolons are produced in such abundance, it is rarely advantageous to use a leaf cutting.
Where To Find Episcia Plants?
Episcias can easily be obtained as a mail order houseplants, at some local greenhouses, and occasionally garden centers.
Growing Episcia As Conversation Pieces
If you want to turn some of your episcia plants into conversation pieces, try some of these ideas.
1. Use any of the episcias as trailers in the foreground of container gardens using taller upright plants in the background.
2. Grow two or more kinds of episcias in a large pot with the background plants trained up a moss-filled “totem” pole or a porous piece of tree stump or root. As a starter fasten the episcia runners to the pole with green wire Twist-ems. Keep the support moist and the episcia roots will grow into it.
3. Plant episcias in moss-filled hang baskets and hang them in your window garden or greenhouse or summer them on a shaded covered terrace.
4. Try a plant in a rose bowl or small aquarium. Here, with the added high humidity they receive, they grow as lush as they would in their homeland.
5. Grow some episcias in an attractive container filled with water. Change the water once a week, give them bright indirect light and a wee pinch of plant food and you’ll enjoy them on an occasional table or the mantel. And you may find yourself using them for a hurry-up centerpiece.
Episcia Questions and Answers
Question: Please tell me something about the Episcia cuperata red violets (species of episcia) how to water, how to start slips and what conditions they need.
Answer: The word episcia means shade-loving. The plant is closely related to the African violet and gloxinia and it responds to the same culture.
The episcia needs no rest period and prefers a warm humid atmosphere. It produces stolons like a strawberry. These may be inserted into a neighboring pot of moist soil while they are still attached to the parent plant.
After a few weeks the stolon will have formed roots of its own and may then be clipped from the parent. Plant episcias in porous, light, rich soil and water them regularly.
Question: Why do the flower buds of my flame violets dry up and fall off ?
Answer: Episcia reptans (formerly called Episcia coccinea and fulgida) sometimes “flame violet” likes to grow in a warm, humid place. Indoors we have flowered episcias in windows facing all directions with a humidity range of 40 to 60 percent. Temperatures below 60° degrees Fahrenheit are uncomfortable for episcias.
Try to provide more humidity by grouping several plants together, preferably on a tray of moist sand or pebbles. The dry heat of many rooms is the hardest indoor gardening problem to solve. There are two windows in most dwellings which are likely to be more humid than others: the window above the kitchen sink, and the one above the bathtub.