Dracaena fragrans – Did you know it flowers? We get emails regularly asking about the flowering of Dracaena fragrans. The emails go something like this:
I have a Dracaena fragrans – “Corn plants bloom” and have had the plant for 5 years – in some cases more. This foliage plant is blooming for the first time. I did not know it even bloomed.
- How long will the blooms last?
- Will the plant die?
- Can I cut off the corn plant flower stalk?
I must go on record and let you know that I am writing only from experience and cannot give you the full details and ideal conditions on the cornstalk plant Dracaena fragrans flowering indoors – it’s not the most common event!
Hopefully, some of our interiorscapers will write and give us their corn plant care, hints, and tips.
As I write this, I have a Dracaena fragrans massangeana planted outside in the ground with white flowers blooming away.
It is approximately 180′ feet from my house, and I can smell the intoxicating, incredible sweet scent every evening.
Moreover, it’s known to help remove toxins from the air, according to NASA’s clean air study.
Dracaena massangeana cane is a popular cultivar of Dracaena fragrans but with yellow variegated foliage.
Background on Dracaena Fragrans
Most of the time, you find Dracaena fragrans or dracaena deremensis flowering. It will be on very mature plants. Plants usually grow more than 6′ feet tall.
The flower stalks emerge from late fall to early winter and late spring to early summer from the center of the leaf whorl and sometimes grow to 3′ feet in length, arching to the ground.
In the evening, the plant gives off a noticeable sweet fragrance for hundreds of feet. The fragrance is very strong, as some of you have experienced.
One person even said they had to open the office doors to air out the place!!!
Now to the questions:
Will the Plant Die?
No – This dracaena plant will continue to grow. The plant will begin by putting out a new head of foliage. The center of the plant – the growing tip – is no longer active after flowering.
A new “head” will emerge out of the center of the foliage next to where the flower stalk was. This is similar to pruning a plant, and new growth starts below the cut.
It is also possible that more than one head may emerge. Specimens with branched trunks occur when two heads develop where the old flower stalk was and has matured.
How Long Will the Fragrant Flowers Last?
The fragrance of the flower spike lasts each evening for approximately 3 to 7 days. It may last longer indoors because it is protected from the elements.
After some time, the flower stalk will eventually wither away.
Dracaena Plant Care & Growing Requirements
Dracaena fragrans are low-maintenance plants. They also make great indoor plants bearing green leaves and seasonal flowers.
Although they are easy to grow, you need to provide their basic needs for optimal health.
As indoor houseplants dracaena fragrans should be placed in an area with filtered sun or partial shade with indirect sunlight if grown in a greenhouse.
Too little light results in compromised growths and the disappearance of stripes on its crown of leaves.
Plant them in well-drained soil. Loose potting soil or potting mix in larger pots for indoor plants can be bought almost anywhere.
Moreover, avoid repotting, as these rootbound Dracaenas will likely bloom more than those recently repotted.
Fragrans prefer warm temperatures between 65° – 78° degrees Fahrenheit. Keep Dracaena plants away from cold drafts.
Keep them evenly moist but try not to over water. Doing so would make your dracaena susceptible to root rot.
Leaving them dry for some time will result in brown leaf tips. Avoid watering with tap water that often contains fluoride and chlorine as they are sensitive to these elements. Dracaenas are also sensitive to Boron.
Fertilize your dracaena fragrans lightly with an all-purpose houseplant fertilizer. Use calcium supplements to avoid leaf-tip burns.
NOTE: Outdoors, once acclimated, Fragrans will go in direct sunlight.
Can I Cut off the Dracaena Flower Stalk?
Yes, you can cut off the flower stalk. Remember, while the plant is flowering, it is putting its energy into the flowers and not in the stems or other parts of the plant.
I’d like to hear from the interior people, but I think they would recommend flower stem cutting for a couple of reasons.
- The potency of the fragrance indoors can be very strong (especially in commercial settings)
- Pollen may get on the leaves and give them a dirty look.
Moreover, you need to remove the spent flowers as they wilt if you let your Dracaena plant bloom.
How about you – ever had your Dracaena fragrans flower?